Monday, November 30, 2015

4 Things Every Borrower Needs to Get Approved for a Mortgage or Home Loan In Kentucky

There are 4 basic things that a borrower needs to show a lender in order to get approved for a mortgage. Each category has so many what ifs and sub plots that each box can read as it’s own novel. In other words, each category has so many variables that can affect what it takes to get approved, but without further adieu here are the four categories in no particular order as each without any of these items, you're pretty much dead in the water:

1. Income

You need income. You need to be able to afford the home.  But what is acceptable income? Let’s just say that there are two ratios mortgage underwriters look at to qualify you for mortgage payment:

First Ratio – The first ratio, top ratio or housing ratio. Basically that means out of all the gross monthly income you make, that no more that X percent of it can go to your housing payment. The housing payment consists of Principle, Interest, Taxes and Insurance. Whether you escrow or not every one of these items are factored into your ratio. There are a lot of exceptions to how high you can go, but let’s just say that if your ratio is 33% or less, generally, across the board, you’re safe.

Second Ratio- The second ratio, bottom ratio or debt ratio includes the housing payment, but also adds all of the monthly debts that the borrower has. So, it includes housing payment as well as every other debt that a borrower may have. This would include, Auto loans, credit cards, student loans, personal loans, child support, alimony….basically any consistent outgoing debt that you’re paying on. Again, if you’re paying less than 45% of your gross monthly income to all of the debts, plus your proposed housing payment, then……generally, you’re safe. You can go a lot higher in this area, but there are a lot of caveats when increasing your back ratio.

What qualifies as income? Basically, it’s income that has at least a proven, two year history of being received and pretty high assurances that the income is likely to continue for at least three years. What’s not acceptable? Unverifiable cash income, short term income and income that’s not likely to continue like unemployment income, student loan aid,  VA education benefits,or short term disability are not allowed for a  mortgage loan.

2. Assets

What the mortgage underwriter is looking for here is how much can you put down and secondly, how much will you have in reserves after the loan is made to help offset any financial emergencies in the future.

Do you have enough assets to put the money forth to qualify for the down payment that the particular program asks for. The only 100% financing or no money down loans still available in Kentucky for  home buyers are available through USDA, VA, and KHC or Kentucky Housing Loans. Most other home buyers that don't qualify for the no money down home loans mentioned above, will turn to the FHA program. FHA loans currently requires a 3.5% down payment.

Kentucky Home buyers that have access to putting down at least 5% or more, will usually  turn to Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac mortgage programs  so they can get better pricing when it comes to mortgage insurance.

These assets need to be validated through bank accounts, 401k or retirements account and sometimes gifts from relatives or employer.. Can you borrower the down payment? Sometimes. Generally if you’re borrowing a secured loan against a secured asset you can use that. But rarely can cash be used as an asset. FHA will allow for gifts from relatives  for down payments with little as 3.5% down but Fannie Mae will require a 20% down payment when a gift is being used for the down payment on the home.

The down payment scenarios listed above are for Kentucky Primary Residences only. There are stricter  down payment requirements for investment homes made in Kentucky.

 3. Credit

 640 is the bottom score (again with few exceptions) that lenders will permit. Below a 640, then you're in a world of hurt. Even at 640, people consider you a higher risk that other folks and are going to penalize you or your borrower with a more expensive loan. 720 is when you really start to get in the “as a lender we love you” credit score. 740 is even better. Watch your credit scores carefully. You have three credit scores and the lender will take your middle score.

Kentucky  FHA Mortgage Loans currently requires 3 years removal from a foreclosure or short sale  and 2 years on a bankruptcy with good reestablished credit.

Kentucky Fannie Mae Mortgage Loans currently requires 4 years removal from a bankruptcy, and 7 years on a foreclosure.

Kentucky VA Mortgage Loans currently requires 2 years removal from a bankruptcy or foreclosure with good reestablished credit.

Kentucky USDA loans require 3 years removal from bankruptcy and foreclosure with good reestablished credit.

4. Appraisal

Generally, there’s nothing you can do to affect this. Bottom line here is…..”is the value of the house at least the value of what you’re paying for it?” If not, then not good things start to happen. Generally you’ll find less issues with values on purchase transactions, because, in theory, the realtor has done an accurate job of valuing the house prior to taking the listing. The big issue comes in refinancing. In purchase transactions, the value is determined as the

Lower of the value or the contract price!!!

That means that if you buy a $1,000,000 home for $100,000, the value is established at $100,000. Conversely, if you buy a $200,000 home and the value comes in at $180,000 during the appraisal, then the value is established at $180,000. Big issues….Talk to your loan officer.

For each one of these boxes, there are over 1,000 things that can effect if a borrower has reached the threshold to complete that box. Soooooooooooo… to a great loan officer. There are so many loan officers that don’t know what they’re doing. But, conversely, there’s a lot of great ones as well. Your loan is so important! Get a great lender so that you know, for sure, that the loan you want, can be closed on!

I can answer your questions and usually get you pre-approved the same day.

Joel Lobb (NMLS#57916)
Senior  Loan Officer

American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.
 800 Stone Creek Pkwy, Ste 7,
Louisville, KY 40223
((502) 905-3708 | 7 Fax: (502) 327-9119|
 Company ID #1364 MB73346 


Thursday, November 26, 2015

How much income do I need qualify for Kentucky Home

Kentucky Lender's Criteria: Debt-to-Income Ratios 

From a Kentucky Mortgage lender's perspective, your ability to purchase a home depends largely on the following factors: 

Front-End Ratio 

The front-end ratio is the percentage of your yearly gross income dedicated toward paying your mortgage each month. Your mortgage payment consists of four components: principal, interest, taxes and insurance (often collectively referred to as PITI)  A good rule of thumb is that PITI should not exceed 31% of your gross income. If you make $100,000 a year, then your max house payment to include escrows for home insurance, mortgage insurance, property taxes would be $2583.00

Back-End Ratio 

The back-end ratio, also known as the debt-to-income ratio, calculates the percentage of your gross income required to cover your debts. Debts include your mortgage, credit-card payments, child support and other loan payments. Most lenders recommend that your debt-to-income ratio does not exceed 45% of your gross income. To calculate your maximum monthly debt based on this ratio, multiply your gross income by 0..45 and divide by 12. For example, if you earn $100,000 per year, your maximum monthly debt expenses should not exceed $3,750 with new mortgage payment. Utility bills, car insurance,  cell phone bills, insurance payments does not factor into this ratio. Only bills listed on credit report and 401k loan and child support payments.

There are compensating factors that will allow for higher debt to income ratios for both front and back if you have a large down payment of over 20% or more, credit scores over 740+, and large reserves after loan is made, i.e. 12 months reserves or more money saved up in 401k, retirement account, or savings account. 

Joel Lobb
Senior  Loan Officer

American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.
10602 Timberwood Circle, Suite 3
Louisville, KY 40223

 phone: (502) 905-3708
 Fax:     (502) 327-9119

 Company ID #1364 | MB73346

Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Loans : Kentucky USDA and Rural Housing Property Eligibil...

Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Loans : Kentucky USDA and Rural Housing Property Eligibil...: USDA Property Eligibility Text Description County List for Kentucky Select your county fr...

Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Louisville Kentucky First Time Home Buyer Programs and Resources

Louisville Ky First Time Home Buyers Kentucky First Time Home Buyer Programs and Resources

If you are a potential Louisville Kentucky First Time home buyerfirst time home buyer in Louisville Kentucky, we welcome you! It is our utmost desire to assist you in reaching the goal of buying your first home. We've gathered the most helpful, beneficial resources together on this page to make things as easy as possible for you.

We have access to all the Louisville Kentucky First Time home Buyers programs including, FHA, VA, KHC, and USDA, Rural Housing Zero Down home loans--Our site is updated daily for Louisville Kentucky first time home buyers with the best programs and rates available.

What is available for first time home buyer financial programs in Kentucky?The first place to start in that search is the Kentucky Housing Corporation. They provide generous assistance to first time home buyers in the form of grants to help with the down payment as well as closing costs.

The Kentucky Housing Corporation has a down payment assistance program for eligible homebuyers who meet specific moderate income limits to help with downpayment and/or closing costs. Check and see what is available and if you qualify....

To visit the website of the Kentucky Housing Corporation Zero Down Home Loans for Ky Home Buyers First Time. In certain situations they will provide loans for the down payment for first time home buyers in Louisville Kentucky and Jefferson County Kentucky. . It is a great program for first time home buyers and is worth investigating. Simply go to their website above for complete information.

There are other Louisville, Kentucky first time homeownership programs available through the Kentucky Housing Corporation. You can visit the website by clicking here. You'll find information on income limits in order to qualify for the first time home buyer program, program descriptions, a list of approved lenders, an interest rate lock program, and a host of other first time home buyer resources.

In addition to the state programs, there are federal funds and grants available to residents and first time home buyers in Kentucky through the Homes and Communities program of the US Department of Housing and Urban Development. On their website you'll find complete grant information, application forms, description of available funds, as well as many other helpful tools.

Every potential first time home buyer should investigate what they have to offer. You can visit the website by clicking on US Dept. of Housing and Urban Development. Finally, there is a website that lists all grant programs available through the federal government, Louisville, Kentucky First time home buyers should plan to spend the required time investigating to determine how many specific grants they may qualify for. You can visit the website by clicking here.

We will be adding more resources to this page as we discover them and/or they become available to first time home buyers in Kentucky, so please do bookmark this site and check back often! In the meantime, please do look around and get the most of the information that is here.

Kentucky First Time Home Buyer Grants and Loan Programs

Joel Lobb (NMLS#57916)
Senior  Loan Officer
502-905-3708 cell


Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Can you have 2 Kentucky VA Loans?

Did You Know
 A Kentucky Veteran Can Have Multiple VA Loans:
That’s right. VA will allow a Kentucky Veteran to have multiple Kentucky  VA loans provided they meet the required GNMA 25 percent guaranty. Are you unsure of how to calculate the maximum loan amount for a Veteran based on their used entitlement? I am Kentucky Veteran myself and have done over 50 VA loans for past customers in Kentucky. I am here to help with your Kentucky VA mortgage questions!
Click here and download an interactive, Kentucky Mortgage VA Entitlement and Loan Amount worksheet to help you determine their Kentucky VA Home loan maximum loan amount. This worksheet also works great to determine the maximum loan amount for a Veteran when they are buying a home over their county loan limit.

First let’s explain the difference between entitlement and maximum loan amount.
Each borrower using a VA Loan has a $36,000 entitlement that the VA guarantees to the lender in the unfortunate event that a borrower would default on the loan. The VA's formula dictates whether or not all that entitlement is used with the initial loan, and thus, additional entitlement can be available. And even if the entitlement is $0 after the purchase of the first house, then the Veteran or active duty member can still use their second-tier entitlement, but there will be a standard minimum and maximum loan limits on what the borrower can use to buy that second house.
Where does the $36,000 come from? This is 25% of 144,000, the "old" maximum loan amount for VA loans.
The VA now has County maximum loan limits as high as 768,750 in the DC Metro Area. With that loan amount, your 25% guarantee is 192,187.50 in entitlement.
"Second-Tier entitlement is nice because for those people using it, it means they don't have to sell their (first) property right off the bat when obtaining the second VA Loan. However, they still have to qualify for the VA Loan. While Second Tier Entitlement is not widely used because of its complexity and the fact that plenty of lenders are not well versed in calculating it, does not mean that interested borrowers should wave the white flag and look elsewhere for a different home loan.

An Example of calculating second-tier entitlement:
Veteran has used $104,250 of entitlement on a prior loan, which may not be restored because the loan is still active and is now a rental due to orders to transfer. The Veteran is now purchasing a home for $350,000 where the county loan limit is $768,750.
$768,750 (County Loan Limit) X 25% (your VA guaranty) = $192,187.50 Maximum Guaranty
$192,187.50 - $104,250 (entitlement already used for active VA loan) = $87,937.50 Entitlement Available
$87,937.50 X 4 = $351,750 Maximum Loan Amount with 25% Guaranty – Since the proposed purchased price is less than the max loan amount, no down payment would be required.
If the Veteran would like to purchase a home for 400,000 using the same numbers above, they would be required to bring $12,062.50 as a down payment to meet the 25% guaranty.
400,000 x 25% = 100,000 needed entitlement/guaranty – 87,937.50 available = 12,062.50 difference needed by Veteran to meet lender requirement.
For a list of county loan limits, please email me or go to
If you would like to discuss your options for second tier availability to you, please do not hesitate to contact me!

Joel Lobb
Senior  Loan Officer

 phone: (502) 905-3708
 Fax:     (502) 327-9119

VA Mortgages for Kentucky Veterans

Fill out my form!

Saturday, November 21, 2015

New Kentucky FHA Mortgage rules starting June 2015

New Kentucky FHA Mortgage rules starting June 2015


Old Rule – Federal debt makes borrower ineligible

New Rule – VERIFIED federal debt makes the borrower ineligible

Part-Time Income

Old Rule – Underwriter discretion allowed when received less than 2 years

New Rule – Two years uninterrupted part-time income is required. Average income over prior 2 years or use 12-month average of hours at the current pay rate if the lender documents an increase in pay rate.

Rental Income on Retained Primary Residence
Old Rule – Rental income may be counted when relocating outside of reasonable commute distance for job and borrower has 25% equity.

New Rule – Rental income may be counted when relocating and the new residence is at least 100 miles from previous residence. If no history of rental income since the last tax filing, borrower must have 25% equity.

Non-taxable income

Old Rule – Gross up using tax rate evidenced on last tax return. If borrower did not file a return, use tax rate of 25%.

New Rule – Gross up using the greater of 15% or actual tax rate. If borrower did not file a tax return, use tax rate of 15%

Installment Debts Less Than 10 Months

Old Rule – May be excluded from ratios. If manual underwrite—may be excluded if debt will not affect ability to pay the mortgage.

New Rule – May be excluded ONLY if—they have cumulative payment of less than or equal to 5% of the borrower’s gross monthly income AND the borrower may not pay the debts down to achieve this percentage.

Multiple FHA Loans

Old Rule – If relocating for employment, borrower may obtain a second FHA loan for a new principal residence if current residence is more than a reasonable commute to new residence.

New Rule – If relocating for employment, the commuting distance between the old residence and new residence must be more than 100 miles.


Senior  Loan Officer

American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.
800 Stone Creek Pkwy, Ste 7,
Louisville, KY 40223

 phone: (502) 905-3708
 Fax:     (502) 327-9119

 Company ID #1364 | MB73346

Fill out my form!